This site explores the different wars that have affected the country of Iraq. The information in this site includes foundations
of these wars, the leaders, world reactions, and the effects.
Operation Desert Storm was one of two major battles that has been fought in Iraq. Saudi Arabia feared an attack from
Iraq and asked the United States for protection. The United States President George Bush responded to Saudi Arabia's
call by sending troops to the Saudi desert. After the United States sent troops to the desert eight Arab
nations followed by sending forces to Saudi Arabia. After the United Nations urged countries to impose a trade embargo,
Western nations, the Soviet Union, and Japan agreed to ban the export of goods to Iraq. After the deadline for Iraqi
withdrawal passed in January of 1991, the United States fired missiles on the Iraqi capitol of Baghdad. Coalition
forces from the United States, Great Britain, France, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Kuwait conducted a massive air
war against Iraq over the next 30 days. Saddam Hussein responded to this air attack by launching missiles against Saudi
Arabia and Israel. Oil fields in Kuwait were set fire by Iraqi forces as a response to the attacks as well. After Iraq still
refused to withdraw after these attacks, land forces were ordered to move into Iraq and Kuwait, which led to
coalition forces defeating the Iraqis after fighting that lasted just under 100 hours. After Kuwait regained
its freedom, a cease-fire went into effect. Allied war deaths totaled just over 100, with tens of thousands of Iraqi
soldiers believed dead.
The second conflict in Iraq is one that is still ongoing today. That is the current Iraq war named "Operation Iraqi Freedom".
War, was launched with an air attack on the Iraq capitol of Baghdad on March
19 at 9:30 P.M. eastern standard time(5:30 A.M. March 20, Baghdad time) by a U.S. led coalition of forces. This
was the first war since the doctrine of preventive war advocated by the administration of U.S. President George W. Bush, however
it did not receive the world wide support that the 1991 Persian Gulf War
This was due to the fact that diplomatic activity in
the United Nations Security Council was dealt with in a time of high tensions before the war.
The leading up
to the war was the devastating attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City and the attack on the Pentagon which occurred on
September 11, 2001. After the invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, which ousted the Taliban that was said to be harboring
Osama Bin Laden, came as a success the United States linked Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein to terrorist organizations
responsible for the 9-11 attacks. Even thought these links between the terrorist organizations were disapproved, members of
George Bush's administration, such officials as Vice-President Dick Cheney, the Secretary of Defense Donald
Rumsfeld, and Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitzthought of Hussein’s Iraq as a country that was a main location for terrorist organizations
that carry out attacks throughout the world. This meant that these organizations and the leadership of Iraq had to be changed in
order to make the United States safe from another attack from a terrorist organization.
If the United
States could get the country of Iraq to becomes democratic then the country would act
catalyst for the democratization of the rest of the region and would in turn weaken the appeal of Al Qaeda. After
several months of fighting in Iraq, the President Saddam Hussein was captured on December 13 , 2003 near his home town of
Tikrit. His capture was favored by most Iraqi citizens. This capture allowed democratic elections to be held in December of
2005 which brought the state one step closer to becoming a democratic state which would weaken Al Qaeda. U.S. troops are still
in the country trying to rebuild and capture leaders of terrorist organizations responsible for terrorist attacks that take
place around the world.